In an earlier session we suggested that you should zoom with your feet before you zoom with the camera. This suggests that you should always consider moving in an around your subject. The purpose of the various compositional rules we have used is to ensure that our subject is clear and presented in the most pleasing and effective manner. When creating an image consider where you are standing – your “point of view” of your  viewpoint. Ask yourself how might I change my viewpoint to create a more interesting image.

All these words can be related to how and where you position yourself to create an image.

  • Worm’s Eye
  • Bird’s Eye
  • Viewpoint
  • Through
  • Lookout
  • Perspective
  • Position
  • Stance
  • Dutch tilt


Move around your subject, look at it from different angles, from above or below. Your viewpoint has such an impact that it is always worth exploring your options to see if you have the best position.


Photographs from above give us a different perspective; we sometimes call it a bird’s eye view. From above scenes can become more geometric and can reveal patterns that we sometimes miss.

Photographs from below are sometimes called worm’s eye view. By looking up at things we get a sense of scale and size.

Sometimes scenes are best photographed through something, a frame within the frame. Images through windows or arches can create feelings of mystery or help to give an impression of being there.

Click to enlarge these images to consider various viewpoints